WHAT IS PrEP?
PrEP stands for “Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis”, meaning it is a tool to stop infection (“prophylaxis”) that is taken before you are exposed HIV. Current clinical guidelines for PrEP recommend daily use of the medication Truvada for maximum HIV prevention benefits.
PrEP is endorsed by the World Health Organization for people who are HIV negative and at risk for becoming positive. It has been shown to be as high as 99% effective at reducing risk for HIV when taken every day (without missing a dose). ------1.
PrEP works by disrupting HIV and preventing it from establishing a foothold in the body and causing a systemic infection.
PrEP does not protect against other
sexually transmitted infections,
and it is not a cure for HIV.
WHAT IS UNDETECTABLE VIRAL LOAD?
Viral Load is the amount of HIV present in a milliliter (mL) of blood. Viral load testing is a regular part of a health check-ups for people who are HIV-positive.
Undetectable refers to a viral load that is below levels that can be detected on current HIV viral load tests. This does not mean the virus is gone. In Ontario, this means that there is less than 40 copies of the HIV virus per mL of blood.